Chandratal is an attractive lake in the Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh, situated 51.3 km from Kaza at an altitude of 4,400 m (14,435 ft) above the sea level. This lake, which is famous for its natural beauty, is known as one of the most beautiful lakes in the country situated at the height of the Himalayas. The shape of this lake is like a crescent moon, hence the name Chandratal (lake of the moon). It is a clear-water lake, which water shines like glass and is completely pollution-free. It is also surprising that no source of water is visible in this lake even though the way out is clear. It can be inferred that the source of water in the lake is from the bottom of the earth. There is also an island in the middle of this lake, which is called 'Samudra Island. The lake is one of the two high-altitude wetlands in India that have been designated as Ramsar sites. The lake area is believed to have once served as a temporary abode for Tibetan traders on their journey to Spiti and the Kullu Valley. It used to be an important site of Tibet and Ladakhi traders going to Spiti and Kullu. But now this lake attracts the whole world towards it. This lake is surrounded by hills and snowy peaks, which works to excite you a lot. There is an abundance of adventure enthusiasts throughout the year. Chandratal is a famous trek from Hampta Pass. You can enjoy spectacular mountain attractions while traveling along this route. You can also enjoy camping around the lake. There is also a mythological legend associated with this lake, it is believed that this is the place where Lord Indra's chariot lifted Yudhishthira, Yudhishthira was the eldest of the five Pandavas.
In the Lahaul-Spiti district of the state, the Chandra river originates from the Chandra Tal near Kunjam pass on the border of the Lahaul and Spiti valleys, which later joins the Bhaga river and becomes Chandrabhaga and in Jammu and Kashmir to be called Chenab. According to the Koppen climate classification standards, this place with a very cold climate is classified as a Ramsar wetland.
The diameter of Chandra Taal is about 3 km and the lake is surrounded by vast plains, which during the spring-summer season, there are many types of vegetation, and forests are filled with flowers. Shepherds use it as pastures and to set up tourist camps.
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